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currency: Central African CFA Franc (XAF)
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Gabon profile
a small population and oil and mineral reserves have helped Gabon become one of Africa's wealthier countries;

in general, these circumstances have allowed the country to maintain and conserve its pristine rain forest and rich biodiversity
Gabon history
El Hadj Omar BONGO Ondimba - one of the longest-serving heads of state in the world - dominated the country's political scene for four decades (1967-2009) following independence from France in 1960. President BONGO introduced a nominal multiparty system and a new constitution in the early 1990s. However, allegations of electoral fraud during local elections in 2002-03 and the presidential elections in 2005 exposed the weaknesses of formal political structures in Gabon. Following President BONGO's death in 2009, new elections brought Ali BONGO Ondimba, son of the former president, to power. Despite constrained political conditions, Gabon's small population, abundant natural resources, and considerable foreign support have helped make it one of the more prosperous and stable African countries.
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Conventional long form: Gabonese Republic

Conventional short form: Gabon

Local long form: Republique Gabonaise

Local short form: Gabon
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Gabon's capital city is Libreville
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Gabon Constitution:

adopted 14 March 1991
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Gabon population growth rate: 1.977%
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Gabon highest point: Mont Iboundji 1,575 m
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Gabon lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
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About 1% of Gabon's land is arable.
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Gabon birth rate is 35 births/1,000 population
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Gabon infant mortality rate is 49 deaths/1,000 live births
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Gabon fertility rate is 4.52 children born/woman
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Gabon climate:

tropical;

always hot, humid
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Top 10 cities of Gabon with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Libreville: 578,156
2. Port-Gentil: 109,163
3. Franceville: 42,967
4. Oyem: 30,870
5. Moanda: 30,151
6. Mouila: 22,469
7. lambaréné: 20,714
8. Tchibanga: 19,365
9. Koulamoutou: 16,222
10. Makokou: 13,571
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Gabon ethnic groups:

Bantu tribes, including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba)

other Africans and Europeans, 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality
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Gabon Exports:

crude oil

timber

manganese

uranium
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Gabon Imports:

machinery and equipment

foodstuffs

chemicals

construction materials
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bicameral legislature consists of the Senate (102 seats; members elected by members of municipal councils and departmental assemblies to serve six-year terms) and the National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (120 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
9 provinces

1. Estuaire
2. Haut-Ogooue
3. Moyen-Ogooue
4. Ngounie
5. Nyanga
6. Ogooue-Ivindo
7. Ogooue-Lolo
8. Ogooue-Maritime
9. Woleu-Ntem
Political parties and leaders:
Circle of Liberal Reformers (CLR) - General Jean Boniface ASSELE

Congress for Democracy and Justice (CDJ) - Jules Aristide Bourdes OGOULIGUENDE

Democratic and Republican Alliance (ADERE) - Divungui-di-Ndinge DIDJOB

Gabonese Party for Progress (PGP) - Benoit Mouity NZAMBA

National Rally of Woodcutters (RNB)

National Rally of Woodcutters-Rally for Gabon (RNB-RPG) (Bucherons) - Fr. Paul M'BA-ABESSOLE

Party of Development and Social Solidarity (PDS) - Seraphin Ndoat REMBOGO

Social Democratic Party (PSD) - Pierre Claver MAGANGA-MOUSSAVOU

Union for Democracy and Social Integration (UDIS)

Union for the New Republic (UPRN) - Louis Gaston MAYILA

Union of Gabonese Patriots (UPG) - Pierre MAMBOUNDOU